The HQ of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine is located in Nahirna Street in Kyiv. Some units are located in the other districts of the capital and in the different regions of Ukraine. The country residence of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine is located in the countryside near Kyiv. The multifunctional infrastructure with the administrative block, covered net connections, security system, means of survival lifestyle, sports complex, medical centre and residential accommodation is created here.
Improvement and expansion of infrastructure is a constant concern for the leadership of the SZRU aimed at creating a supportive and enabling environment for the employees and connected, first of all, with the need to achieve the priority goals, which are focused on the national security.
The Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine (SZRU) is an independent state body, which carries out its intelligence activities in political, economical, military and technical, scientific and technical, information and ecological spheres. Above-said activity is directed exclusively toward counteraction against external threats and challenges to the national security.
According to the Law of Ukraine “On the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine”, the SZRU is entrusted with the following tasks:
According to worldwide practice, the functional structure of intelligence integrates the processes of collection, analysis, evaluation of intelligence data, preparation of finished intelligence products, forecasts and scenarios of developments in the sphere of national and international security by carrying out human and signal intelligence operations, operational and signal activity as well as information and analytical work.
The President of Ukraine undertakes the overall supervision of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine activity. The Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine carries out its activity under the direct supervision of the Chairman, who is appointed and dismissed by the President of Ukraine.
Presidential control is being carried out through the Head’s of state function of running the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine, appointment of its leadership, targets-setting as regards the implementation of them as well as daily monitoring of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine by the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine.
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine monitors and has control over the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine in accordance with procedure established in the Constitution of Ukraine, and in accordance with the Law of Ukraine “On the Democratic Civilian Control Over the Military Establishment and State Law Enforcement Bodies”.
Parliamentary control is focused on the right for adoption of laws, which define legal principles of intelligence bodies’ activity, their mandate and tasks within their competences, available means to fulfill them, as well as the budget of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine which allows the Verkhovna Rada to determine the amount of funding needed, and to monitor the budget expenditure.
The Committee of National Security and Defense of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine regularly monitors the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine activity.
The report of key results of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine activity on implementation of laws in force, on observance of constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens has been enforced in practice. These and other issues are discussed and debriefed at the meetings of the Committee, the members of which attend the sessions of the SZRU Collegium as well.
The Accounting Chamber of Ukraine monitors the SZRU’s budget.
The Prosecutor General of Ukraine and his delegated prosecutors ensure respect of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine for the laws of Ukraine.
The Law “On the Democratic Civilian Control Over the Military Establishment and State Law Enforcement Bodies” adopted by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine creates legal conditions to ensure the best possible transparency of the government activities in the sphere of national security and defense. The law also stipulates democratic civilian control over the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine activity which is exercised by the citizens of Ukraine through public organizations they are affiliated with, through the deputies of representative bodies and personally by appeal to the Commissioner for Human rights of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and his representative for protection of the military personnel rights, or by appeal to any other state body in order prescribed by the Constitution of Ukraine and the Law of Ukraine “On the Citizens’ Appeals”.
This power-sharing comes up to democratic samples, approaches the basic principles of control over the intelligence service activity according to the European norms.
No, the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine is not authorized to carry out the noted or any other actions associated with the investigation of criminal offenses as far as pursuant to the national legislation it is not the subject of criminal proceedings.
Security Sector Reform, begun as far back as in 2004 − 2005 for performance of the undertaken European commitments, was aimed to deprive intelligence bodies of Ukraine of any law enforcement duties. According to the noted concept, in particular, was established the organizational structure of the SZRU, in the framework of which, considering tasks put by the law, investigative units were not created and could not be created (currently, according to the Article 38 of the new Version of the Criminal Procedural Code of Ukraine, investigative units can function only as a part of law-enforcement bodies, security services, as well as bodies which supervise observance of tax legislation, and bodies of the National Bureau of Investigation).
Moreover, following the adoption of the new 2012 Criminal Procedural Code of Ukraine, finally at the legislative level the fact was fixed that the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine can’t participate in criminal proceedings even indirectly. Article 41 of the Criminal Procedural Code of Ukraine and Part 4 of Article 7 of the Law of Ukraine “On Investigation and Search Operations” contain numerus clausus of government bodies, operational units of which are authorized to execute the instructions of the investigator, where the SZRU is not on the list.
Military and civil service employees and those who perform auxiliary functions work with the SZRU as a military unit.
Taking into consideration the tasks assigned to the SZRU, the Human Intelligence (HUMINT), Technical Intelligence (SIGINT), Terrorism Counteraction, Information and Analysis, Legal, Special Technical, Logistics departments, educational institutions, research establishments and others are staffed with specialists having a good command in international law and international relations, science of law, economics, political science, state management, journalism, psychology, applied mathematics, cybernetics, computer technologies, system analysis, information security etc. with excellent command of one or more foreign languages.
Today, there is a strong tendency towards the rejuvenation of staff. Practically 27 percent of all the SZRU personnel are young people in their twentieth. The majority of operational staff has two higher educational qualifications, including that in the fields of international law and economics, every third is proficient in two or more foreign languages. Without exception, everyone receives necessary special and language training. A number of employees hold doctorate degrees (Candidate of Science and Doctor of Science) and honorary titles.
At the same time not all employees of the SZRU are intelligence professionals. There are a lot of positions in the SZRU hold by the persons with the higher, secondary vocational or secondary education, who provide departments’ functioning.
In accordance with the Law “On the Intelligence Bodies of Ukraine”, while performing their official duties the staff members of intelligence bodies of Ukraine are under special protection of the State. Nobody, except public authorities and officials who are defined by this Law, has a right to interfere with their professional activities.
Social benefits for staff of intelligence bodies of Ukraine and their families as well as civilian employees entered into an employment contract with intelligence bodies of Ukraine are guaranteed by the law.
To protect the lives, homes, health, housing and property of staff members of intelligence bodies of Ukraine and their close relatives (spouse, husband, parents, children, whole blood brothers and sisters) against unlawful interference and threats in connection with professional activities of these staff members, intelligent bodies of Ukraine carry out special activities designed to provide security in the manner stipulated by the Law of Ukraine “On State Protection of Court Staff and Law Enforcement Agencies” and other legislative acts of Ukraine. In each case any decision on carrying out these activities is made by the relevant intelligence agency head.
While on duty the military staff of intelligence bodies are entitled to keep, carry and use firearms in accordance with the procedure set by the Law of Ukraine “On Militia”.
Detained members of the staff of the intelligence bodies of Ukraine on suspicion of having committed a crime or in case of imposition of a preventive measure in the form of remand in custody, are to be hold separately from other persons in detention. Reasons for prosecution, detention and arrest connected with search of the person and his belongings are carried out only in the presence of official representatives of this body. The intelligence bodies’ and their staff member’s vehicles in the line of duty shall not be subject to detention or search.
In case of detention, arrest or conviction outside Ukraine staff members of the Intelligence bodies of Ukraine in connection with their performance of tasks assigned to the intelligence bodies of Ukraine, the state contributes to their and their families’ release.
In case if the intelligence body completely or partially loose professional suitability as a result of his deciphering or due to reasons beyond his control, the intelligence body is obliged to employ this staff member or to create conditions for his professional retraining.
The special legal status of the SZRU staff members and their social protection are provided by the State legislation taking into account specifics of intelligence bodies’ activities.
However, status of the intelligence bodies of Ukraine staff member can not be used to achieve objectives which are not related to his official duties
Taking into consideration the specifics of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine, questions of recruitment for work (service) in the Intelligence Service are extremely important. Staffing the SZR of Ukraine with new personnel is connected with the system of search, analysis and practical selection of candidates who could successfully perform the tasks. This work is done by the staff of the Personnel Apparatus of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine together with chiefs of relevant departments.
The questions of recruitment in SZR of Ukraine are considered individually in each case. At this, much depends on the personality of the candidate (his personal and business skills, education, experience, specialty, knowledge of foreign languages, etc.), and on the vacancies to be occupied.
If a person thinks that he/she meets the general requirements to the candidate, he/she may send to the SZRU’s website his/her detailed profile with contact numbers and addresses and a motivational message in the form of a free presentation, which necessarily covers the following questions:
It is also necessary to express the opinion on projective questions:
If the staff of the Personnel Apparatus get interested in a specific person, the person will be contacted for further study and handling the formalities.
Candidates for a job, depending on the specific position they are planned to occupy, should be up to the following requirements:
Recruiting and selecting of human resources to the SZRU is a flexible and efficient. The Service defines on its own, what specialists are needed at the moment: according to their educational characteristics, proficiency in specific languages, experience in defined areas and so forth.
The recruitment and selection process is competitive, voluntary and contractual.
At first, the Human Resources Department on the basis of primary materials makes the decision on expediency and possibility of checking and reviewing the applicant.
For the purpose of a thorough medical examination of one’s mental and physical fitness to perform essential job functions the applicant undergoes further culling by a special Military-Medical Board.
Simultaneously, during professional psychological selection the applicant’s general intelligence, mental and physical fitness to perform essential job functions at the SZRU, thinking speed, interpersonal skills and other professionally important qualities are assessed as well.
Besides, applicants are notified that they shall keep State and service secrets and shall observe the rules on data protection. Everyone employed at the SZRU assumes liability and sign a declaration of secrecy on nondisclosure of data protected by the law and became known to him while working at the Intelligence Service.
The process of reviewing and checking of applicants for job at the SZRU, as a rule, may take as little as a year. The personnel selection officer informs the applicant on a final decision.
The process of reviewing and checking of applicants is carried out with observance of all legal regulations and with respect to the individual’s interests. The information upon which clearance decisions are based is as accurate as it can be and is guarded with the strictest confidence and can’t be disclosed or transferred to the other organizations and persons. Therefore applicants shouldn’t be afraid that rejection for appointment will give the basis for restriction of their rights or somehow will influence the subsequent career. There are many reasons for turning down applicants, finally from dozens of potential applicants only a few become employees of the Foreign Intelligence.
The SZRU has its own in-service vocational training system. In accordance with the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated 23.05.2007 the Institute of the SZRU as the departmental higher educational establishment with the task to carry out the state-requisitioned training, retraining and improving the professional skills of the SZRU personnel was set up.
The main directions of the Institute educational activities are:
Only personnel on active duty at the SZRU or (as under the contract) other government bogies of Ukraine employees can be the candidates for study. The admission to study to get the master’s degree is conducted on a competitive basis on the results of entrance examination.