Lev Rebet. The Ideologue of the Existence of an Independent Ukraine in the Family of European Nations
The Branch State Archives of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine contain documents that allow to supplement and clarify some well-known facts about the life and work of Lev Rebet, one of the leaders of the Ukrainian liberation movement in the 20th century, who developed the historical, political and legal basis for a free, independent Ukraine in the family of European nations.
Polish and British “Voices of Truth” in Support of Ukraine
Referring to earlier declassified documents from the Intelligence’s archives makes it possible to make sure once again that the current numerous countries’ support to Ukraine in the confrontation with Russia has deep roots. Progressive Europeans in different historical periods were realistically aware that the Ukrainian people were being oppressed by moscow, and tried to convey this thesis to the general public, shaping public opinion for the long term. Another striking evidence of this is the articles in the Polish and British press of the 1920s.
“Do Not Buy Grain Stolen from Ukraine”
Against the background of the occupiers’ taking to Russia wheat, vegetables, other products and agricultural machinery from Kherson region and other regions of Ukraine, quite relevant is the “Appeal of the Supreme Council of the Ukrainian Emigration” which is kept in the Intelligence’s archives. It is another confirmation that Muscovy’s policy towards Ukraine (both today and in the past) has always been the same – aggressive, looting, barbaric.
Minister of Military Affairs of the UPR Government on the Russian Emigration
During the many years of forced stay abroad, representatives of the Ukrainian emigration circles often met the leaders of the Russian emigration to develop joint measures to counter the totalitarian regime in the USSR. But each time there were differences in the fundamental issues of the national liberation struggle. More about this – in one of the declassified documents from the archives of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine.
Mykola Kapustyanskyi. A Footstep Away from the Planned Assassination by Soviet MGB Agents
The Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine publishes the second part of the materials about the early 1950s’ top-secret operation of the USSR MGB to liquidate one of the leaders of the Ukrainian emigration, a talented Commander of the UPR Army, Minister of Military Affairs in exile, one of the OUN leaders General Mykola Kapustyanskyi. The top secrecy is evidenced by the fact that a number of documents were written only by hand in one copy and kept separately in the appendix to the case, and later - in a special package in the archives of the Soviet Intelligence in Moscow. The schemes, methods and means of assassination tested in this operation were later improved and applied by the USSR KGB during the liquidation of OUN leaders Lev Rebet in 1957 and Stepan Bandera in 1959.
Mykola Kapustyanskyi. One Footstep Away from the Planned Assassination by Soviet MGB Agents. Part 1.
The Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine publishes unique, hitherto unknown to the general public materials about the top-secret operation of the USSR MGB in the early 1950s to liquidate one of the leaders of the Ukrainian emigration, a talented Commander of the UPR Army, Minister of Military Affairs of the UPR government in exile, one of the OUN leaders Mykola Kapustyanskyi. The special secrecy is evidenced by the fact that a number of documents were written only by hand in one copy and kept separately in the appendix to the case, and later - in a special package in the archives of Soviet intelligence in Moscow. The schemes, methods and means of assassination tested in this operation were later improved and applied by the USSR KGB during the liquidation of OUN leaders Lev Rebet in 1957 and Stepan Bandera in 1959.
Mykola Krasovskyi. A Detective and Intelligence Officer
In the history of national special services, it is hard to find a person who would so organically combine the features of a detective-investigator, intelligence officer-practitioner and creator of the basic provisions of intelligence. Mykola Krasovskyi succeeded. Even in the tsarist Russia, he gained the fame of one of the best detectives in Kyiv, during the Ukrainian People's Republic he was Chief of the Criminal Investigation Department at the Ministry of Internal Affairs, later headed the “Information Bureau” of the Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the UPR Army. At the head of this main working body of intelligence of the Armed Forces of the Republic, he personally developed a number of regulations that formed the basis of national intelligence and counterintelligence.
The UPR’s School of Intelligence
In 1919–1920, an Intelligence Officers Training School functioned in the system of special services of the Ukrainian People's Republic. Despite the fact that the leadership of the Armed Forces of the Republic, which constantly cared about conduct of hostilities on several fronts, could not cope with everything at once, the issue of training intelligence staff was important. Archival documents tell us how the education at that school was organized.
Ivan Lytvynenko's Course of “Combat Intelligence”
Ivan Lytvynenko was one of those who left a noticeable mark on the activities of national special services during the Ukrainian people’s liberation struggle. In the 1920s and 1930s, all the intelligence work of the State Center of the Ukrainian People's Republic in exile was subordinated to him in Volhynia. During the Second World War, he headed the intelligence department of the UPA-North National Military Staff, and taught the course “Combat Intelligence” at the school of senior officers. All this time, information about him was accumulated in case files of the GPU / NKVD of the USSR. The currently declassified documents from the archives of the Intelligence provide more information about this brave Ukrainian senior officer, commander, intelligence officer, insurgent.
Arkadiy Zhukovskyi. Historian, Encyclopedist, Ukrainianist
January 12 marks the 100th anniversary of the birth of Arkadiy Zhukovskyi, a prominent Ukrainian scientist, encyclopedist, historian, local historian, cartographer, cultural scientist, foreign member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, longtime Chairman of the Taras Shevchenko Scientific Society in Europe. During the forced emigration, A. Zhukovskyi actively engaged in public and political activities, was a member of the Provid (leadership) of Ukrainian Nationalists, and therefore became the object of cultivation of the MGB / KGB of the USSR. Documents preserved in the Branch State Archive of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine shed light on some hitherto unknown pages of the biography of this extraordinary person.